After three years of relative withdrawal from the international scene, Turkey has specified its direction. While still remaining a member of the Atlantic Alliance and its integrated command structure, it intends to express its independence. It will not receive orders either from the Atlantic Alliance or the Collective Security Treaty Organisation. On the interior, while defining itself as Muslim, it wants to integrate the minorities on a national basis and fight the elements which are under the orders of the United States.
Under the portrait of the layman Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of modern Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan attempts to continue the recovery of Turkey.
Turkey is changing, and the projections of George Friedman, founder of Stratfor, are shown to be wrong. If the ex-Ottoman empire is to develop, it will not be as a vassal of the United States.
Rather than judging Turkey from the point of view of Western standards, and mocking its « new sultan », we need to understand how « Europe’s invalid » is attempting to bridge its cultural gap from modernity and its defeat in the First World War, without denying its historical and geographical specificity. Indeed, a century later, the plan hinted at by Atatürk has not yet reached a conclusion, and the problems persist.
We thought that with the AKP, (Justice and Development Party), Turkey was becoming an inclusive Islamic democracy, comparing its doctrine to that of European Christian-Democracy. Progressively, it reconnected with its Ottoman splendour by becoming the spokesman for the Muslim world. Supported by the United States, it was destined to become a first-rate economic power. Pursuing its modernisation and its Westernisation, it turned its back on its most important client, Libya, then on its economic partner, Syria, and increasingly strengthened its relations with the West.
However, the attempted assassination in Marmaris of newly-elected President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on 15 July 2016, which morphed into an improvised coup d’État, failed miserably to change the state of things. For three years, the AKP struggled to manage the situation. It began to examine its policies. It instituted the third anniversary of the coup d’État, in order to clarify its positions.
First of all, contrary to what we had believed, modern Turkey is neither with the West nor the East.