Ten years ago, in March 2011, the US regime change operation against Syria commenced. As in Ukraine, Libya and elsewhere, it began as a classic rooftop sniper operation (shooting at both sides to escalate protests), but morphed into one of the largest CIA “covert” war campaigns of all times, employing dozens of Islamist militia and terrorist groups, supplied primarily via Turkey, Jordan and Israel.
To get a comprehensive, no-nonsense overview of the multiple stages and layers of the Syria war, read The Syria Deception (available in 4 languages). To read about earlier large-scale US war deceptions, read Rwanda: What Did Really Happen in 1994? and Propaganda in the War on Yugoslavia. To get a general overview of US foreign policy since the war against Spain in 1898, read The Logic of US Foreign Policy.
Thanks to mobile telecommunication technology, the Syria war was the first war covered in real-time by independent media outlets and independent journalists on the ground, who in many cases could expose Western war propaganda within days and thus to some extent influence public perception of events. To get an overview of high-quality independent media outlets, see the updated version of The US/UK Media Navigator.
In contrast, the three international news agencies Associated Press (US), Reuters (UK) and AFP (France) played a key role in the global dissemination of Western war propaganda. To read more about the role of these three news agencies, see The Propaganda Multiplier (nine languages). Just one month ago, hacked documents confirmed that Reuters, as well as the BBC and “Bellingcat”, are key players in a UK government funded, covert geopolitical propaganda and influence operation.
One of the most notable psychological warfare aspects in Syria were the multiple “chemical weapons attacks” staged or stage-managed by NATO-supported Islamist militias, such as in Ghouta in August 2013, in Khan Shaykhun in April 2017, and in Douma in April 2018, in an attempt to trigger (or rather, legitimize) direct US and NATO military intervention, modeled after the stage-managed “marketplace massacres” in the Bosnia war.