For decades, homosexuality has been known to be associated with psychological disorder. In the past, the interpretation was that social ostracism caused stress, and that in turn led to psychological distress. If that was true, the massive changes in the acceptability of homosexuality should have reduced the pressures of social rejection, and led to an improvement in psychological well-being. So, how are results turning out now?
A review studied epidemiological studies to look at the mental health of the non-heterosexuals.
Sexual orientation and symptoms of common mental disorder or low wellbeing: combined meta-analysis of 12 UK population health surveys
Joanna Semlyen, Michael King, Justin Varney & Gareth Hagger-Johnson
BMC Psychiatry volume 16, Article number: 67 (2016)
Sexual orientation and symptoms of common mental disorder or low wellbeing: combined meta-analysis of 12 UK population health surveys – PMC (nih.gov)
Around 1â€“2 % of the United Kingdomâ€™s adult population identify as lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB) and 5 % as non-heterosexual, although because sexual orientation comprises identity, behaviour and attraction, the chosen definition used can lead to variability in these estimates. We know that sexual minority populations experience poorer physical heath and engage in riskier health behaviours such as smoking and hazardous drinking. These inequalities may emerge in adolescence and early adulthood, then persist throughout the life-course.
Symptoms of poor mental health (e.g. anxiety, depression) and low wellbeing (e.g.