Edmund Burke put it this way, saying: “Those who don’t know history are doomed to repeat it.”
George Santanyana said “(t)hose who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.”
Kurt Vonnegut said “I’ve got news for Mr. Santayana. We’re doomed to repeat the past no matter what. That’s what it is to be alive.”
In his novel Bluebeard, Vonnegut said
“(i)t’s pretty dense kids who haven’t figured that out by the time they’re ten…Most kids can’t afford to go to Harvard and be misinformed.”
November 11 marked the 100th anniversary of WW I’s end – officially at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month.
The so-called war to end all wars was prelude for much worse to come. In 1928, Kellogg-Briand policy renounced aggressive wars. The UN Charter’s Preamble states:
“We the Peoples of the United Nations Determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind…”
Washington, its key NATO partners and Israel wage endless wars of aggression in multiple theaters with no prospect for resolution anywhere.
Are more wars coming? Possibly with thermonuclear weapons.
What are the lessons of History? The US has been at war throughout its entire history, The business of America is war, the world’s leading purveyor of state-sponsored terrorism globally.
Hannah Arendt once said crimes of state aren’t committed by fanatics or sociopaths, just “terrifyingly normal” (people)…neither perverted or sadistic…who accepted the premises of their superiors and their state” to continue current and/or longstanding policies.
US history from the republic’s inception shows it’s addicted to endless war – glorified in the name of peace, its violent culture believing war is peace.
Pacifist nonviolence is considered sissy and unpatriotic. US foreign policy is based on pursuing interests belligerently, forcing other nations to bend to America’s will, sovereign independent ones going their own way not tolerated.
Presidents “reserve the right to act unilaterally if necessary to defend our nation and our interests,” Obama said.
Bush/Cheney operated the same way. Trump aggressively follows in their footsteps, continuing preemptive wars he inherited,