Chile, September 11, 1973: The Inauguration of Neoliberalism, “Shock Treatment” and the Instruments of Economic Repression: The Junta’s Deadly “Economic Medicine” – Global Research

chile,-september-11,-1973:-the-inauguration-of-neoliberalism,-“shock-treatment”-and-the-instruments-of-economic-repression:-the-junta’s-deadly-“economic-medicine”-–-global-research

11-09-19 12:47:00,

“Workers of my country, I have faith in Chile and its destiny.

Other men will overcome this dark and bitter moment when treason seeks to prevail.

Keep in mind that, much sooner than later, the great avenues will again be opened through which will pass free men to construct a better society.

Long live Chile! 

Long live the people! Long live the workers!”  President Salvador Allende’s farewell speech, 11 September 1973.

“It’s hard to find someone with the fighting spirit, courage and the story of Allende. He was a man who actually had the branded name in history: democratically the left came to power, and by bombs he was removed from government.” Senador Pedro Simon

Chile: “Shock Treatment” and the Mechanisms of Economic Repression

Immediately following Allende’s election in September 1970 and prior to his inauguration in November 1970:

“Kissinger initiated discussion on the telephone with CIA director Richard Helm’s about a preemptive coup in Chile. “We will not let Chile go down the drain,” Kissinger declared. “I am with you,” Helms responded. Their conversation took place three days before President Nixon, in a 15-minute meeting that included Kissinger, ordered the CIA to “make the economy scream,” and named Kissinger as the supervisor of the covert efforts to keep Allende from being inaugurated. (National Security Archive)

The CIA was the lead organization behind the imposition of a neoliberal economic agenda in Chile. In August 1972, a year prior to the coup, the CIA funded a 300-page economic blueprint to be implemented in the wake of the overthrow of the Allende  government.

The ultimate objective of the September 11, 1973 military coup in Chile was the imposition of the neoliberal agenda (aka deadly “economic medicine”) leading to the impoverishment of an entire nation.

Wall Street was behind the coup, working hand in glove with the CIA, the US State Department and Chile’s economic elites. Henry Kissinger was the Go-Between.

After Allende’s election in November Wall Street’s major commercial banks (including Chase Manhattan, Chemical, First National City, Manufacturers Hanover, and Morgan Guaranty),

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Chile, September 11, 1973: The Horrors of ‘the First 9/11’ Are Routinely Overlooked – Global Research

chile,-september-11,-1973:-the-horrors-of-‘the-first-9/11’-are-routinely-overlooked-–-global-research

11-09-19 08:33:00,

This article was originally crossposted in September 2017.

On September 11, 1973, Salvador Allende’s democratic government in Chile was ousted by United States-backed forces in one of the Cold War’s defining moments. Allende himself was killed during the coup while his presidential palace, La Moneda, was extensively bombed. Many thousands of Chileans were either murdered, “disappeared”, imprisoned, and coerced to emigrate or enter exile. Allende’s widow and family were forced to go into hiding in Mexico for many years.

In replacing Allende the Americans installed General Augusto Pinochet, one of the most notorious of the post-Second World War dictators. During the next 17 years of Pinochet’s dictatorship around 40,000 Chileans were tortured – often under the most sadistic fashion and overseen by doctors in the Josef Mengele style (the Nazi doctor at Auschwitz). The doctors would ensure the victims would remain alive for as long as possible, administer medication to resuscitate them, so the torture could then recommence.

A Chilean who suffered such treatment in these chambers, but survived and later became an international lawyer, was asked where these doctors are today? He replied, “they’re practicing in Santiago”. There have been a number of Mengele-style doctors not only walking free in Chile, but resuming employment unhindered.

There have been no calls from the United States or Israel to bring these Nazi-style physicians to justice. Indeed, the Pinochet regime was already protecting Nazi war criminals such as SS Colonel Walter Rauff, creator of the gas chambers, and Mengele himself.

As the US’s population is approximately 18 times bigger than Chile’s, with an infinitely bigger landmass, the Chilean 9/11 was felt on a far greater scale. Indeed, it was also more destructive. In the US’s 9/11, the White House was not bombed, the President (George W. Bush) was not killed, its people were not imprisoned and tortured en masse after the initial crimes were committed, a brutal dictator and his death squads were not imposed.

Before the Chilean coup in 1973, the country had been a lively, vibrant place where people were welcoming and cheerful. The Pinochet years afflicted upon the population persistent feelings of terror and suspicion.

A few days after the coup was implemented National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger described the situation in Chile as,

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Tatort Chile. Am 11. September.

tatort-chile-am-11-september.

11-09-19 08:11:00,

Das Unheil kam am 11. September. An diesem beging eine Mörderbande ihre furchtbare Schandtat. Eine Tat, die für immer im September der politisch engagierten Menschen eingebrannt bleiben wird. Am 11. September wurde auch die Hoffnung auf eine bessere Zukunft zerstört. Am Abend des 10. September ahnt der Präsident noch nichts von dem Unheil, das bevorsteht. Aber die Mörder sind bereits unterwegs in die Hauptstadt Santiago. Marco Wenzel.

Die Flugzeuge kamen erst gegen Mittag zum Einsatz, die Panzer aber fuhren schon am frühen Morgen vor der Residenz des Präsidenten in der Moneda auf. Gegen acht Uhr morgens, am 11. September 1973, melden sich die Putschgeneräle zum ersten Mal öffentlich über einen Radiosender. Sie fordern Salvador Allende, den Präsidenten Chiles und Hoffnungsträger der Armen auf, sich zu ergeben. Ein Flugzeug stünde für ihn bereit, das Land zu verlassen. Das Militär hatte Chile verraten und heimlich unter seine Kontrolle gebracht. Die Drahtzieher saßen in Washington.

Als Allende sich weigerte aufzugeben, beschossen die Putschisten seine Residenz und ab Mittag bombardierten sie es aus der Luft. Allende kämpfte bis zur letzten Patrone, wohl wissend, dass er dabei sterben wird. Er stellte es jedem seiner Getreuen und Mitarbeiter frei, sich zu ergeben und das Haus zu verlassen. Dann koordinierte er die Verteidigung, zusammen mit denen, die sich den Verrätern des Vaterlandes nicht ergeben wollten. „Allende ergibt sich nicht, mierda“, waren seine letzten Worte. Er starb als Held. Pablo Neruda, sein Freund, der Dichter, starb wenige Tage später, untröstlich, an einem Krebsleiden. Oder an einem weiteren heimtückischen Mord, die Umstände um den Tod des Dichters sind immer noch nicht geklärt. In diesem düsteren Tag dem 11. September des Jahres 1973 hat Chile seine Besten verloren. Sie wurden ermordet von einer Allianz aus Kapital, Armee und der USA.

Nach dem Putsch begann eine Welle von Mord und Totschlag, wie Chile sie noch nicht erlebt hatte. Die Militärjunta ernannte General Augusto Pinochet, den Judas, zu ihrem Vorsitzenden.

Die chilenische Wirtschaftspolitik bestimmten von nun an die Chicago-Boys, eine neoliberale Truppe um Milton Friedman, ein Wirtschaftsprofessor aus Chicago und Mitglied der Mont-Pèlerin Society. Sie führten in Chile das erste Experiment ihrer neuen Wirtschaftsdoktrin durch. Dabei konnten Demokratie und Freiheit das Experiment nur stören, die Militärdiktatur Pinochets lieferte ihnen das ideale Umfeld.

Die meisten von Allendes Gefährten überlebten den anschließenden Terror nicht.

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Chile, September 11, 1973: The Ingredients of a Military Coup. The Imposition of a Neoliberal Agenda – Global Research

Chile, September 11, 1973: The Ingredients of a Military Coup. The Imposition of a Neoliberal Agenda – Global Research

11-09-18 10:11:00,

Forward

Forty-five years ago on September 11, 1973, the Chilean military led by General Augusto Pinochet, crushed the democratically elected Unidad Popular government of Salvador Allende.

The objective was to replace a progressive, democratically elected government by a brutal military dictatorship.

The military coup was supported by the CIA. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger played a direct role in the military plot.

(Nixon and Kissinger, image right)

For details see: http://globalresearch.ca/articles/KOR309A.html  and references below.

In the weeks leading up the coup, US Ambassador Nathaniel Davis and members of the CIA held meetings with Chile’s top military brass together with the leaders of the National Party and the ultra-right nationalist front Patria y Libertad.  While the undercover role of the Nixon administration is amply documented,  what is rarely mentioned in media reports is the fact that the military coup was also supported by a sector of the Christian Democratic Party.

Patricio Aylwin, who became Chile’s president in 1989,  became head of the DC party in the months leading up to the September 1973 military coup (March through September 1973). Aylwin was largely instrumental in the break down of the “Dialogue” between the Unidad Popular government and the Christian Democrats. His predecessor Renan Fuentealba, who represented the moderate wing of the Christian Democratic (PDC), was firmly against military intervention. Fuentealba favored a dialogue with Allende (la salida democratica). He was displaced from the leadership of the Party in May 1973 in favor of Patricio Aylwin.

The DC Party was split down the middle, between those who favored “the salida democratica”, and the dominant Aylwin-Frei faction, which favored “a military solution”.

See Interview with Renan Fuentealba,   

http://www.finisterrae.cl/cidoc/citahistoria/emol/emol_22092002.htm )

On 23 August 1973, the Chilean Camera de Diputados drafted a motion,  to the effect that the Allende government “sought to impose a totalitarian regime”. Patricio Aylwin was a member of the drafting team of this motion. Patricio Aylwin believed that a temporary military dictatorship was “the lesser of two evils.”

See http://www.fjguzman.cl/interiores/noticias/tema_se/2003/julio/Patricio%20Aylwin%20y%20la%20dictadura%20transitoria.pdf ,

See also: El acuerdo que anticipó el golpe, http://www.quepasa.cl/revista/2003/08/22/t-22.08.QP.NAC.ACUERDO.html

This motion was adopted almost unanimously by the opposition parties,

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