STANDPUNKTE • Chinas Militärmaschine am Persischen Golf einsatzbereit |


24-07-19 05:39:00,

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Ein Standpunkt von Karl Bernd Esser.

Chinas zweitwichtigster Überseehafen mit Öl- und Gas-Terminal, versehen mit einem Militärstützpunkt, entstand zusammen mit der Atommacht Pakistan auf der Halbinsel Gwadar (1) für rund 1 Milliarde US-Dollar. China zahlte davon die Hälfte. Gwadar war eine frühere Enklave des Oman und liegt rund 100 km von der iranischen Grenze, im heutigen Pakistan im Landesteil Belutschistan. Gwadar liegt strategisch günstig am Arabischen Meer zum Persischen Golf, nahe der Straße von Hormuz, der wichtigsten Öltanker Route.

Das Nadelöhr ist nur 400 km weit weg. Über den Hafen erhält die Volksrepublik direkten Zugang auch zum Indischen Ozean, was den erfreulichen Effekt stark verkürzter Seetransportwege für arabisches Öl hat. Chinas erster ausländischer Militärstützpunkt (2) befindet sich im Westen des Indischen Ozeans in Djibouti, an einem Flaschenhals des Welthandels, und wurde 2017 eröffnet. Nach der Einweihung wurde im Mittelmeer geübt und es folgte mit drei chinesischen Kriegsschiffen in der Ostsee (!) ein gemeinsames Manöver mit Russland (3). China besitzt nach den USA schon die zweitgrößte Kriegsmarine der Welt.

General Li Zuocheng, Mitglied der Zentralen Militärkommission Chinas (CMC) und Stabschef der Gemeinsamen Stabsabteilung der CMC (4), traf Generalleutnant Bilal Akbar, den Generalstabschef der pakistanischen Armee, in Peking am 18.November 2017. „Angesichts der komplexen und veränderten Sicherheitslage (Iran-USA) habe China sich für den Aufbau einer chinesisch-pakistanischen Militär-Gemeinschaft eingesetzt und Pakistans nationale Entwicklung und den Ausbau ihrer Armee durch China nachdrücklich unterstützt“, sagte Li.

China wird von seinem neuen Hafen Gwadar dem Iran umfangreiche Militärhilfe leisten und sich gleichzeitig iranisches Rohöl & Gas sichern. 2016 gaben Chinas Präsident Xi Jinping und Irans Präsident Hassan Rouhani gemeinsam die Einrichtung einer umfassenden strategischen Partnerschaft bekannt. Der chinesische General Zhang Youxia, stellvertretender Vorsitzender der chinesischen Zentralen Militärkommission (CMC), traf sich mit dem iranischen Verteidigungsminister Amir Hatami (5)und seiner Delegation am 10.September 2018 zu Gesprächen in Peking.

Laut Hatami misst der Iran den Beziehungen zwischen den beiden Ländern und den beiden Militärs große Bedeutung bei. Welche Beistandsabkommen unterzeichnet wurden ist Staatsgeheimnis.

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China’s Big Brother Social Control Arrives In Australia


08-05-19 08:45:00,

Authored by Joshua Philipp via The Epoch Times,

Australia is preparing to debut its version of the Chinese regime’s high-tech system for monitoring and controlling its citizens. The launch, to take place in the northern city of Darwin, will include systems to monitor people’s activity via their cell phones.

The new system is based on monitoring programs in Shenzhen, China, where the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is testing its Social Credit System. Officials on the Darwin council traveled to Shenzhen, according to NT News, to “have a chance to see exactly how their Smart Technology works prior to being fully rolled out.”

In Darwin, they’ve already constructed “poles, fitted with speakers, cameras and Wi-Fi,” according to NT News, to monitor people, their movements around the city, the websites they visit, and what apps they use. The monitoring will be done mainly by artificial intelligence, but will alert authorities based on set triggers.

Just as in China, the surveillance system is being branded as a “smart city” program, and while Australian officials claim its operations are benign, they’ve announced it functions to monitor cell phone activity and “virtual fences” that will trigger alerts if people cross them.

“We’ll be getting sent an alarm saying, ‘There’s a person in this area that you’ve put a virtual fence around.’ … Boom, an alert goes out to whatever authority, whether it’s us or police to say ‘look at camera five,’” said Josh Sattler, the Darwin council’s general manager for innovation, growth, and development services, according to NT News.

The nature of the “virtual fences” and what type of activity will sound an alarm still isn’t being made clear.

The system is being promoted as mostly benign. Sattler said it will tell the government “where people are using Wi-Fi, what they’re using Wi-Fi for, are they watching YouTube, etc. All these bits of information we can share with businesses. … We can let businesses know, ‘Hey, 80 percent of people actually use Instagram within this area of the city, between these hours.’”

The CCP’s smart city Social Credit System is able to monitor each person in the society,

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China’s Belt And Road Continues To Win Over Europe While Technocrats Scream & Howl


21-04-19 02:38:00,

Authored by Matthew Ehret via The Strategic Culture Foundation,

On April 10th, China’s Premier Li Keqiang celebrated the completion of the 1st phase of the 2.5 kilometer Chinese-built Pelgesac Bridge in Croatia across the Bay of Mali Ston alongside Croatian Prime Minister Andrej Plenkovic. This ceremony marked a striking victory as the following day ushered in an important 16+1 Heads of State summit that saw Greece inducted as the newest member of a new alliance of Central and Eastern European nations who wish to cooperate with China. At this summit held on April 12, Greece’s Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras stated that this was “a very crucial moment for global and regional developments” and “we have to leave behind the crisis and find new models of regional and global cooperation.”

Of course, Greece’s involvement in this alliance (now renamed the 17+1 CEEC) has broadened its geographical boundaries to the west and is especially important as Greece’s Port of Piraeus is a strategic east-west trade gate way for the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) into Europe centered on the China-Europe Land-Sea Express Route. Greece is painfully aware that its survival depends upon China’s BRI, as the EU programs for austerity, privatization and bailouts have brought only death and despair with a collapse of youth employment, crime rate spikes and suicide. It is also not lost on anyone that this breakthrough follows hot on the heels of Italy’s joining of the Belt and Road Initiative on March 26 and also serves as a precursor to the second Belt and Road Summit which will take place in Beijing at the end of April, involving over 126 nations who have already signed MOUs with the BRI and thousands of international businesses.

Ten additional BRI-connected agreements were signed between Croatia and China before the 17+1 Summit including the modernizing of rail lines (especially from Zagreb to the Adriatic port of Rijeka), telecommunications cooperation between Huawei and Croatian Telecom and major port, roads, harbors, education and cultural cooperation.

The Belt and Road Initiative, as Tsipras aptly pointed out, is not just another set of infrastructure programs designed to counterbalance western hegemony,

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China’s American Arsenal — Steemit


21-04-19 05:35:00,

by James Corbett
April 20, 2019

Have you seen the PLA Navy’s latest whizzbang terror toy? Described as a “tactical laser system,” it was recently featured in a PR puff piece on China’s state-owned mouthpiece channel, CCTV. According to reports, it will be deployed on the PLA Navy’s Type 055 destroyers as a replacement for the fleet’s old HHQ-10 surface-to-air missiles.

Which is all well and good, but let me ask you again: Have you seen it? I mean, have you actually looked at it? Because when you do, you might notice something interesting. Namely, it bears a striking resemblance to the U.S. Navy’s Laser Weapon System (LaWS).

The LaWS is on the left and the Chinese laser system is on the right. Or is it the other way around? It’s hard to tell the difference.

But it’s not just this laser weapon. From drones to stealth jets to railgun prototypes, it seems all of the latest and greatest weaponry in the Chinese arsenal is suspiciously similar to (or is an exact duplicate of) an item in Uncle Sam’s arsenal.

For instance, here’s the Shenyang J-31, China’s fifth generation stealth fighter:

And here’s the good ol’ Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning II:

Or compare the Chinese Lijian Sharp Sword Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle:

To the Northrop Grumman X-47B Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle:

Or take the Sunward SVU-200 Flying Tiger unmanned helo:

And play a game of “spot the similarities” with Northrop Grumman’s very own MQ-8 Fire Scout unmanned helo:

No, your eyes aren’t deceiving you; from fighter jets to drones, from Hummers to rifles, it’s a well-known fact that much of China’s military technology is copied from American designs.

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China’s Han Superstate: The New Third Reich


04-04-19 07:41:00,

Authored by Gordon Chang via The Gatestone Institute,


More than a million people, for no reason other than their ethnicity or religion, are held in concentration camps in what Beijing calls the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and what traditional inhabitants of the area, the Uighurs, say is East Turkestan. In addition to Uighurs, ethnic Kazakhs are also held in these facilities.

Families in this troubled area, shown on maps as the northwestern portion of the People’s Republic of China, are being torn apart. The children of imprisoned Uighur and Kazakh parents are “confined” to “schools” that are separated from the outside by barbed wire and heavy police patrols. They are denied instruction in their own language, forced to learn Mandarin Chinese. The controls are part of a so-called “Hanification” policy, a program of forced assimilation. “Han” is the name of China’s dominant ethnic group.

Because Uighurs and Kazakhs are dying in the camps in considerable numbers, Beijing is building crematoria to eradicate burial traditions while disposing of corpses.

More than a million people, for no reason other than their ethnicity or religion, are held in concentration camps in what Beijing calls the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Picture: Chinese police clash with ethnic Uighur women during a protest in Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang, on July 7, 2009. (Photo by Guang Niu/Getty Images)

The camps, a crime against humanity, are spreading. China is now building similar facilities, given various euphemistic names such as “vocational training centers,” in Tibet, in China’s southwest.

At the same time, Beijing is renewing its attempt to eliminate religion country-wide. Christians have come under even greater attack across China, as have Buddhists. China’s ruler, Xi Jinping, demands that the five recognized religions — official recognition is a control mechanism — “Sinicize.” The Chinese, as a part of this ruthless and relentless effort, are destroying mosques and churches, forcing devout Muslims to drink alcohol and eat pork, inserting Han officials to live in Muslim homes, and ending religious instruction for minors.

These attempts, which have antecedents in Chinese history, have been intensified since Xi became the Communist Party’s general secretary in November 2012.

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EU Dilemma: How To Deal With China’s Rising Influence


20-03-19 10:05:00,

Authored by Pepe Escobar via The Asia Times,

Beijing is, little by little, extending its influence not only inside the EU but inside the NATO space…

Facing China’s irresistible rise all across the chessboard, and under relentless US pressure, the not-exactly-democratic EU leadership is on a backbreaking exercise to position itself between a geopolitical/geoeconomic rock and a hard place.

The 28-member EU holds a crucial meeting next week in Brussels where it may adopt a 10-point action plan detailing, in a thesis, the terms of an equitable economic relationship with China going forward.

This will happen as Chinese President Xi Jinping visits Italy and then France – ahead of the very important, annual China-EU summit in Brussels on April 9, to be co-chaired by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang.

That’s the crucial context under which the European Commission (EC) has recommended what it describes as 10 concrete “actions” to the EU Heads of State for their debate at the European Council in March 21 and 22.

The full report, EU-China – A Strategic Outlook, is here.

The EC shows how in 2017 – the latest available figures – the EU was “China’s largest partner with a share of 13% of imports of goods in China and a share of 16% of exports of goods from China.” At the same time, the EC stresses that China is an “economic competitor” and “a systemic rival promoting alternative models of governance.”

Yet the EC’s “contribution” to the European Council debate next week is far from confrontational. It is a balancing act couched in Eurocratic terminology attempting to shape common “resolve” among the 28 member-states.

Predictable real problem

Coming from the EC/EU, support for “effective multilateralism with the United Nations at its core” is the norm – with China fully integrated.

Beijing is praised for its support for the Iran nuclear deal, its role in the denuclearization of North Korea, its upcoming role in the peace process in Afghanistan and tackling the Rohingya crisis in Myanmar. The real problem, predictably, is China’s maritime claims in the South China Sea.

Virtually no one apart from Brussels Eurocrats knows about the existence of an “EU Strategy on Connecting Europe and Asia.”  That’s one of those joint communiqués that no one reads,

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Chinas schaurige Träume


23-01-19 01:29:00,

Whatsapp-Nachrichten, die entschlüsselt werden, Journalisten, denen langjährige Haftstrafen drohen, wenn sie das Ansehen Australiens schädigen: Canberra nutzt die Angst vor Terrorismus, um die Freiheit von Bürgern und Medien zu beschneiden.

Urs Wälterlin, Canberra 9.1.2019, 06:00 Uhr

Viele Australier sind entsetzt über die neuen Gesetze, die der Polizei Zugriff auf ihre Handys ermöglichen. (Bild: Steven Saphore / EPA)
Viele Australier sind entsetzt über die neuen Gesetze, die der Polizei Zugriff auf ihre Handys ermöglichen. (Bild: Steven Saphore / EPA)

Der Brief des Generalstaatsanwalts kam an Heiligabend. Auslandskorrespondenten in Australien werden «eingeladen», sich in ein Register von Personen einzutragen, die «auf Geheiss eines ausländischen Auftraggebers» tätig sind. Auf diese Weise solle der Einfluss fremder Staaten auf die australische Politik offengelegt werden.

Das Bedürfnis des Gesetzgebers nach mehr Klarheit ist durchaus legitim: Im vergangenen Jahr waren mehrere Fälle von Spionage sowie der Beeinflussung australischer Politiker durch ausländische Kräfte bekanntgeworden. Ein Senator musste zurücktreten, weil er Geld von einem Geschäftsmann akzeptiert hatte, der enge Verbindungen zur Kommunistischen Partei Chinas hat. Registrierbar seien Aktivitäten wie das Lobbying und die Finanzierung von Politikern, heisst es im Schreiben. Registrierbar ist aber auch «Kommunikation», wenn sie der «Beeinflussung von Politik und Regierung diene», so der Generalstaatsanwalt.

Dass Journalismus potenziell die Politik beeinflussen kann, ist kaum umstritten. Korrespondenten ausländischer Medien in Australien überlegen sich nun, ob sie sich registrieren sollen, selbst wenn sie nach strikten journalistischen Regeln und unabhängig von ihrem Heimmedium arbeiten. Bisher brauchten ausländische Korrespondenten in Australien keine amtliche Registrierung. Eine Journalistin fragt auf Facebook rhetorisch: «Australien ist eine Demokratie, oder?»

Die Aufforderung aus Canberra gehört zu einer ganzen Palette von Gesetzen und Massnahmen, mit denen die demokratischen Rechte in Australien abgebaut werden. Es sei in den letzten Jahren eine massive Zahl von Gesetzen verabschiedet worden, die vor 9/11 undenkbar gewesen wären, meinte jüngst Pauline Wright, Präsidentin des Konzils für Bürgerrechte in Sydney.

Die Terrorangriffe in New York im Jahr 2001 hätten in Australien eine eigentliche Flutwelle von neuen Gesetzen ausgelöst. «Es hat Einbrüche in die Meinungsfreiheit gegeben, die Pressefreiheit, die Bewegungsfreiheit, das Demonstrationsrecht – alles fundamentale Rechte, die unsere Demokratie untermauern», so Wright. Sie glaubt, kein anderes westliches Land habe unter dem Vorwand der «Gewährung der nationalen Sicherheit» derart viele und derart einschneidende Gesetze erlassen wie Australien.

Auch australische Journalisten stehen inzwischen mit einem Fuss im Gefängnis, selbst wenn sie ihre Arbeit professionell und gewissenhaft erledigen.

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China’s Uber Wealthy Are Preparing For $24 Trillion Tax Raid


10-01-19 10:20:00,

People like to complain that China has abandoned its Communist values in favor of state-directed capitalism. But in at least one way, the rulers of the world’s second-largest economy are adhering to the prescriptions of Karl Marx – with a burdensome progressive income tax.


And as the CPC has imposed new tax cuts to try and pump more fiscal stimulus into the economy to help revive its flagging growth. But wealthy Chinese are worried that the state will expect them to cover the revenue shortfall (particularly as the trade war threatens to sap the Chinese economy of badly needed FDI).

In a country where personal wealth has swelled to $24 trillion since the days of Deng Xiaoping – $1 trillion of which is held abroad – these changes to China’s tax regime could have a resounding impact on asset markets around the world (Vancouver comes to mind).


The changes, which took effect on Jan. 1, have already prompted wealthy Chinese to look into creating overseas trusts that could help them protect their wealth from the state, as China’s decision to embrace the Common Reporting Standard, an international data-sharing agreement that allows governments to more easily track the overseas wealth of their citizens.

Here’s a rundown of how China’s new tax rules might impact wealthy Chinese, and how that in turn might reverberate around the world (text courtesy of Bloomberg):

Crackdown on Havens

Under the new rules, owners of offshore companies will not only pay taxes on dividends they receive but will also face levies of as much as 20 percent on corporate profits, from as low as zero previously. This has triggered a flood of rich families seeking refuge via trusts, which often shield wealthy owners from having to pay taxes unless the trusts hand out dividends. Overseas buildings or shell companies are also becoming easier to track for authorities as China embraces an international data-sharing agreement known as the Common Reporting Standard, or CRS.

It’s not clear how the government will utilize CRS data, especially in early 2019, but authorities may grant amnesty for a certain period for a stable transition or focus on penalizing the biggest offenders,

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Chinas Sozialkredit-System folgt den Datenkraken im Westen


26-11-18 12:29:00,

Ein zuverlässiger Spion: Das eigene Smartphone

Ein zuverlässiger Spion: Das eigene Smartphone

Peter G. Achten / 26. Nov 2018 –

Der totale Überwachungsstaat droht. Nach westlicher Ansicht natürlich in China. Und im Westen?

Seit einigen Jahren treibt der technologische Aufstieg Chinas den Westen um. Stichwort etwa «Künstliche Intelligenz». Die seit langem negative China-Berichterstattung wird so seit einigen Monaten neu angefacht. Es geht um das geplante «Sozialkredit-System», das landesweit 2020 eingeführt werden soll. Noch bevor klar ist, worum es sich dabei genau handelt, qualifizieren es China-Experten, Diplomaten und Medienkorrespondenten als Neuerfindung der Diktatur oder als ein Überwachungssystem, schlimmer als es sich selbst Orwell in seiner Dystopie «1984» vorstellen konnte.

Das geplante «Social Credit System» existiert noch nicht. In verschiedenen chinesischen Städten jedoch werden – allerdings nach unterschiedlichen Methoden und Parametern – Testläufe durchgeführt. Mit Kameraüberwachung oder schwarzen Listen, wie im Westen kolportiert, hat alles wenig zu tun, viel mehr aber mit Internet und Mobiltelefonen. Derzeit besitzen rund eine Milliarde Chinesinnen und Chinesen ein Handy, und über 700 Millionen surfen im Internet.

Das Vertrauen in der Bevölkerung stärken

Vor vier Jahren hat der Staatsrat (Regierung) das neue System erstmals grob skizziert mit dem Ziel, das Vertrauen innerhalb der Gesellschaft zu stärken. Angesichts vielfach fehlender Ehrlichkeit soll Aufrichtigkeit in allen ökonomischen, sozialen und politischen Aktivitäten angestrebt werden. Denn das Vertrauen ist in China zwischen Bürgern, unter Firmen und auch zu den zensurierten Medien und zur Obrigkeit gering. Auch die Anti-Korruptionskampagne von Staats-, Partei- und Militärchef Xi Jinping zeugt davon. Das disruptive Sozialverhalten hat mit der jüngsten Geschichte Chinas zu tun, angefangen mit den turbulenten Zeiten Maos bis hin zum extrem schnellen sozialen Wandel, dem rasanten Wirtschaftswachstum und der wachsenden Kluft zwischen Arm und Reich, Stadt und Land.

Die Neuerung ist indes zunächst einmal ein datengestütztes soziales Bonitätssystem. Das staatliche Scoring-Programm soll theoretisch die Reputation und Kreditwürdigkeit der Bürger messen, basierend auf ihrem Verhalten. Das sogenannten Financial Credit Scoring ist etwas, das in China – im Unterschied zu den USA, zur EU und der Schweiz – bislang fehlt. Das ist mit ein Grund, warum Kredite für KMUs oder Hypotheken selten bei Banken, sondern meist nur in der Familie und bei Verleihern, die hohe Zinse heischen, aufgenommen werden können.

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China’s “Peace Ark” Ship Makes Historic Visit To Venezuela After Maduro Visits Beijing

China’s “Peace Ark” Ship Makes Historic Visit To Venezuela After Maduro Visits Beijing

24-09-18 08:48:00,

For the first time, a Chinese naval ship has traveled to Venezuela, following the visit by President Nicolas Maduro to Beijing earlier this month, where he had asked China’s leadership for economic support following the collapse of its economy, said Channel NewsAsia.

The naval medical ship, known as the “Peace Ark,” had moored on Saturday at the port of La Guaira near the Venezuelan capital.

#PICTURES | Hospital ship “Peace Ark” arrived in the port of La Guaira to consolidate cooperation and friendship ties between 🇨🇳 & 🇻🇪 as well as medical and academic exchange with this sisterly Asian Power#BuquesDePaz

— Foreign Affairs 🇻🇪 (@MFAVenezuela) September 22, 2018

Maduro, whose socialist government is facing a severe backlash in Venezuela as the economy continues to collapse with the fifth year of depression and hyperinflation, visited Beijing earlier this month. China’s government promised to aid the country but did not make public if any new loans were issued.

In the last decade, China has provided Venezuela will billions of dollars in credit, in particular, the oil-for-loan program that helped China secure cheap energy supplies for its fast pace economy while also supporting an anti-Washington movement in Latin America.

According to Maduro, the “Peace Ark” will be moored in Venezuela for a little more than a week. During the visit, Chinese and Venezuelan officials will host several meetings and inspect medical facilities in the country.

Hospital ship “Ark of Peace” (He Ping Fang Zhoude) of the People’s Republic of China up to the Port of La Guaira, Vargas state.#RumboAlMillon #BuquesDePaz #Venezuela 🇻🇪 🇨🇳

— Cuerpo Combatiente 2K (@CCPDVSAGASANACO) September 23, 2018

The “Peace Ark” had received warm greetings from Venezuela’s top military officials.

Defense Minister Vladimir Padrino Lopez, who welcomed the hospital ship, told the sailors: “This is how you undertake diplomacy in the world… with concrete actions of cooperation and not stoking the false voices of those who beat the drum of war.”

He later tweeted the visit was a manifestation of “true diplomacy of peace”

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China’s ‘Digital’ Totalitarian Experiment

China’s ‘Digital’ Totalitarian Experiment

13-09-18 08:01:00,

Authored by Gordon Chang via The Gatestone Institute,

  • China’s “social credit” system, which will assign every person a constantly updated score based on observed behaviors, is designed to control conduct by giving the ruling Communist Party the ability to administer punishments and hand out rewards. The former deputy director of the State Council’s development research center says the system should be administered so that “discredited people become bankrupt”.

  • Officials prevented Liu Hu, a journalist, from taking a flight because he had a low score. According to the Communist Party-controlled Global Times, as of the end of April 2018, authorities had blocked individuals from taking 11.14 million flights and 4.25 million high-speed rail trips.

  • Chinese officials are using the lists for determining more than just access to planes and trains. “I can’t buy property. My child can’t go to a private school,” Liu said. “You feel you’re being controlled by the list all the time.”

  • Chinese leaders have long been obsessed with what Jiang Zemin in 1995 called “informatization, automation, and intelligentization,” and they are only getting started Given the capabilities they are amassing, they could, the argument goes, make defiance virtually impossible. The question now is whether the increasingly defiant Chinese people will accept President Xi’s all-encompassing vision.

By 2020, Chinese officials plan to have about 626 million surveillance cameras operating throughout the country. Those cameras will, among other things, feed information into a national “social credit system.”

That system, when it is in place in perhaps two years, will assign to every person in China a constantly updated score based on observed behaviors. For example, an instance of jaywalking, caught by one of those cameras, will result in a reduction in score.

Although officials might hope to reduce jaywalking, they seem to have far more sinister ambitions, such as ensuring conformity to Communist Party political demands. In short, the government looks as if it is determined to create what the Economist calledthe world’s first digital totalitarian state.”

China’s President Xi Jinping is not merely an authoritarian leader.

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Unstatistik: Chinas CO2-Ausstoss grösser als der Nordamerikas

Unstatistik: Chinas CO2-Ausstoss grösser als der Nordamerikas

28-08-18 09:13:00,

Urs P. Gasche / 28. Aug 2018 –

Nach der NZZ verbreitet jetzt auch die «NZZ am Sonntag» die News, dass China das Klima stärker belastet als Nordamerika.

Wen überrascht es, dass die Schweiz mehr Treibhausgase oder Abfälle produziert als etwa Liechtenstein?

Unter anderen die NZZ und die «NZZ am Sonntag».

Beide Zeitungen verglichen die Emissionen an Treibhausgasen oder CO2

  • von China mit über 1400 Millionen Einwohnern mit denen
  • der USA und Kanadas mit zusammen 362 Millionen Einwohnern.

Die «NZZ am Sonntag» erstellte am 26. August 2018 mit solchen Vergleichen eine Rangliste der «grössten Luftverschmutzer» der Welt: China auf Rang 1 mit 28 Prozent aller CO2-Emissionen und Nordamerika auf Rang 2 mit «nur» 17 Prozent. Auf Rang 4 mit 8 Prozent Westeuropa mit 298 Millionen Einwohnern.

Grafik in der NZZ am Sonntag vom 25. August 2018. Zahlen des Jahres 2015

Eine vergleichende Länder-Rangliste macht meistens nur Sinn, wenn sie Emissionen, Abfälle oder Ausgaben für das Militär oder für das Gesundheitswesen pro Kopf berechnet und vergleicht.

CO2-Emissionen in Tonnen pro Kopf von dreissig Ländern im Jahr 2013 (Quelle: Statista):

Internationale Vergleichszahlen darf man nicht aufs Komma genau nehmen. Nicht berücksichtigt sind hier der Verbrauch von grauer Energie: Ein Land, das viele Waren importiert, kommt besser weg als ein Land, das viele Waren exportiert.


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Are China’s “Drone Swarms” The Military Weapon Of The Future?

Are China’s “Drone Swarms” The Military Weapon Of The Future?

18-06-18 08:21:00,

China, the country where fireworks were invented back in in ninth century, recently decided to ban fireworks displays in more than 400 cities, a decision that has forced companies and municipalities to brainstorm alternative forms of entertainment that won’t have such a deleterious impact on the environment. One perhaps unintended result of this decision has been an explosion in demonstrations involving “drone swarms” of LED-equipped flying robots, according to Bloomberg. In fact, shows involving more than 1,000 flying drones have cropped up around China – with the robots being used for celebrations commemorating everything from the Winter Olympics in PyeongChang to the Spring Festival Gala sponsored by China’s state-run news channel CCTV.


And while China insists that these “drone swarms” are for entertainment purposes only, we can’t help but wonder: Will “drone swarms” become the weapon of the future?

While the Intel performance at PyeongChang was pre-recorded, EHang has performed for live audiences. Some drones failed to stay in formation during parts of Ehang’s record show and Xiong said the issue may have been due to man-made interference, but declined to provide details.

Founded by Duke graduate Xiong and his partner Huazhi Hu in 2014, Guangzhou, China-based EHang raised $42 million in a Series B round the following year with investors including GP Capital, GGV Capital and ZhenFund.

EHang’s drones aren’t the only ones getting attention. When state broadcaster CCTV held its annual Spring Festival Gala, the world’s most-watched TV show, it featured Zhuhai-based Oceanalpha’s performance of 80 boat bots.

Of course, organizers of drone displays like the ones we mentioned above must contend with obstacles like the fact that China has strict controls on the usage of its airspace. EHang, one Chinese dronemaker, raised $42 million in a Series B round the following year with investors including GP Capital, GGV Capital and ZhenFund. So far, its swarms have been on display in 20 countries during events like Cirque du Soleil and concerts put on by the metal band Metallica. Most interestingly, drones that are part of the storm communicate with one another via artificial intelligence (a technology that China has also outmaneuvered the US in developing…)

Verity Studios, a company founded by robotics expert Raffaello D’Andrea that focuses on live drone shows,

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China’s Surveillance State Is Using RFID Chips To Track Cars’ Movements

China’s Surveillance State Is Using RFID Chips To Track Cars’ Movements

14-06-18 06:29:00,

China, the world’s most populous country, continues to devise new methods of keeping tabs on its 1.4 billion citizens. And after the Wall Street Journal reported earlier this week about a powerful new spy camera devised by a team of researchers at Duke University who had, incidentally, received funding from the US government, America’s business newspaper of record is back Wednesday with another stunning report, this time about how China is establishing a new system to track cars using electronic tags. Indeed, WSJ describes the plan to “improve public security”, which will also purportedly help ease extreme congestion in the largest Chinese cities.

The plan, which is set to be rolled out by July 1, will rely on chips that can be identified thanks to their unique radio frequency signature. Compliance will be voluntary at first, but it will become mandatory for all new vehicles by Jan. 2019.


Of course, the plan will dramatically expand China’s ability to track its citizens’ every move – something that’s becoming increasingly important as Chinese authorities seek to implement their “social credit score.” 


China’s surveillance network already includes powerful cameras that can detect an individual’s facial features from 100 yards away, according to WSJ. Meanwhile, the program will have a serious impact on China’s automotive industry, which is feeding the world’s biggest market, with nearly 30 million vehicles expected to be sold this year.

“It’s all happening in the backdrop of this pretty authoritarian government,” said Ben Green, a fellow at Harvard University’s Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society who is researching use of data and technology by city governments. “It’s really hard to imagine that the primary use case is not law enforcement surveillance and other forms of social control.”


As far as western media outlets are concerned, implementing the network will involve RFID chips being affixed to car windshields. As we reported earlier this year, citing a story published in an obscure trade journal, RFID chips are already being used by several governments – including China’s neighbor the Philippines – to aid in tracking their citizens. The system will register details like a drivers’

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China’s Terrifying “Social Credit” System Has Already Blocked 11 Million From Taking Flights

China’s Terrifying “Social Credit” System Has Already Blocked 11 Million From Taking Flights

25-05-18 06:49:00,

China’s terrifying ‘social credit’ system, which is a rating assigned to each citizen based on government data regarding their economic and social status, has effectively blocked more than 11.14 million flights and 4.25 million high-speed train trips at the end of April, according to a senior government official.

Government officials first announced the proposal for a social credit system in 2014 — where each Chinese citizen would be rated according to their online, social, financial, and legal behavior. Misdeeds, such as late credit card payments, criminal record, jaywalking, using fake IDs, refusal to sign up for required insurance, and failing to pay taxes, could result in a travel ban for an extended period. The penalty for misdeeds went into full effect in May.

China’s Social Scoring System

The government decides who gets these goods and services:

It is still unknown which misdeeds the government cracked down on to induce such a large number of travel bans within the country. Former deputy director of the development research center of the State Council, Hou Yunchun, is quoted by the Global Times as saying the system needs a few more tweaks so that “discredited people become bankrupt.”

“If we don’t increase the cost of being discredited, we are encouraging discredited people to keep at it,” Hou was quoted by Sina Finance at an annual credit development forum in Beijing on Saturday.

In addition to blocking the flights and trains, the Global Times noted that the names of 33,000 companies which violated laws had been shamed on a public list, said Meng Wei, spokeswoman for the National Development and Reform Commission, via news website Those on the list could be denied loans, grants, and other forms of government assistance, Wei added.

“Hou’s phrase that the ‘discredited people become bankrupt’ makes the point, but is an oversimplification,” Zhi Zhenfeng, a legal expert at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing, told the Global Times.

“How the person is restricted in terms of public services or business opportunities should be in accordance with how and to what extent he or she lost his credibility.”

“The punishment should match the deed.”

“Discredited people deserve legal consequences.”

“This is definitely a step in the right direction to building a society with credibility.”

Since the launch of the ‘social credit’ system,

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