Bio Plus X: Arms Control and the Convergence of Biology and Emerging Technologies | SIPRI

13-03-19 11:33:00,

Technological advances in the biological sciences have long presented a challenge to efforts to maintain biosecurity and prevent the proliferation of biological weapons. The convergence of developments in biotechnology with other, emerging technologies such as additive manufacturing, artificial intelligence and robotics has increased the possibilities for the development and use of biological weapons.

This report, written by SIPRI experts on technology and arms control, provides a nuanced picture of the risks and challenges posed by this convergence. It analyses the extent to which concerns arising from new technological developments can be dealt with through existing governance mechanisms. Based on the limitations identified, the authors recommend the action that needs to be taken by national governments, international organizations, academia, the private sector and the DIY community.

Contents

1. Introduction

2. The convergence of advances in biology and emerging technologies

3. Governing the risks of the convergence of biology and emerging technologies

4. Conclusions and recommendations

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The CIA Is Out of Control, Has Been Since the 50’s

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24-02-19 04:39:00,

In this posting, I want to take a very brief look at the history of the founding of America’s Central Intelligence Agency and provide quotes from an American president regarding his views on the CIA and what should be done to control its seemingly unfettered powers.

The Central Intelligence Agency had evolved significantly over the decades up to its official designation as America’s foremost intelligence agency in 1947 as follows: 

1.) Office of the Coordinator of Information (COI) – Established July 11, 1941 – duration of 337 days.

 2.) Office of Strategic Services (OSS) – Established June 13, 1942 – duration of 3 years and 3 months.

 3.) Strategic Services Unit (SSU) – Established October 1, 1945 – duration of 1 year and 5 months.

 4.) Central Intelligence Group (CIG) – Established January 1946 – duration of 1 year and 6 months.

 5.) Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Established September 18, 1947 – duration 71 years.

 The CIA was created under the National Security Act of 1947which was signed into law on July 26, 1947 by President Harry Truman as shown here:

Under the Act, the CIA was responsible for the same functions as the CIG as follows:

1.) coordinating, planning, evaluating and disseminating intelligence.

2.) capability to clandestinely collect information.

3.) authority to conduct independent research and analysis.

In addition, the Act added the following broad tasks to the CIA’s “to do” list:

1.) advise the National Security Council (NSC) on matters related to national security.

2.) make recommendations to the NSC regarding the coordination of intelligence activities of the Department.

3.) correlate and evaluate intelligence and provide for its appropriate dissemination.

4.) perform such other functions as the NSC will from time to time direct.

By 1953, the Agency was an established element of Washington, making contributions in the areas of paramilitary warfare and political action.

With that background, I would like to change gears and look at some comments and concerns about the Central Intelligence Agency from a United States president.  These comments are particularly pertinent given the CIA’s involvement in geopolitical meddling around the globe over the past 71 years,

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Remote Control of the Brain and Human Nervous System – Global Research

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23-01-19 12:50:00,

The USA and the European Union invest since the beginning of the millenium billions of dollars and euros into brain research. As a result of this research perfect maps of the brain were developed, including the areas of the brain that control the activity of different body organs or parts where higher brain activities, such as speech and thoughts, are taking place. The brain activities corresponding to different actions in those areas were also deciphered.

Thanks to the knowledge of specific locations of different centers in the brain and frequencies of the neuronal activity in them, teams of physicians are now capable of helping many people who were in the past, for different reasons, unable to participate in a normal life. There exist prostheses, which are controlled directly from the brain centers that normally control the movement of the limbs (see this) and enable people, who lost them, to use the prosthesis in a way similar to the way normal people use their limbs. Higher brain activities were produced as well. In 2006 scientists placed into the brain of a completely paralyzed man an implant, which transferred the activity of his brain into different devices and enabled him to open his e-mail, control his TV set and control his robotic arm. Other paralyzed people were able to search the Internet, play computer games and drive their electrical wheelchairs (see this).

Thanks to extensive brain research, computers were taught to understand the neuronal activity so much so that they are now capable of using the activity of our brain to reproduce our perceptions. Canadian scientists demonstrated an experiment, where the computer could interpret the electroencephalographical recordings from the brain to produce the painting of a face that the subject of experiment was perceiving (see this).

In the opposite way the data, processed by the computer in the way that will make them intelligible for the nervous system, can be transmitted into the brain and produce there a new reality. When an implant is placed in the brain and connected to a camera, placed on spectacles, for people whose photoreceptors in their retina stopped working, the sight is at least partially restored. In this case the camera on the spectacles is transmitting into the implant light frequencies and the implant re-transmits them in frequencies which “understand” the neurons processing the visual perceptions (see this).

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