Why the Drug War Makes Drugs More Potent | Jose Orellana


30-12-19 09:11:00,

Ever since the beginning of the American state’s so-called war on drugs, there has been a significant increase in drug potency, which resembles the trend that occurred during alcohol prohibition in the twentieth century. However, what causes such trends?

We gain some insight from the Alchian-Allen theorem, which tells us that increases in drug potency occur in response to changes in the cost and incentive structure.  Often, this is a result of drug-enforcement legislation.

The Alchian-Allen Theorem

The third law of demand, known as the Alchian-Allen theorem, states that when the price of two substitute goods is affected by an additional fixed cost, the consumer, assuming that the individual acts on the margin, will opt for the higher-quality good. Again, the key to this trend lies in the fixed cost and looking at relative prices. This theorem, therefore, can, as stated above, explain increases in the potency of drugs.

For example, consider the following to prove that the Alchian-Allen theorem can explain increases in potency of drugs: say that individuals in Florida and Virginia are in the market for apples. Further, there are two qualities, namely low- and high-quality apples; the low-quality apple is worth five dollars and the high-quality one is worth ten dollars. In addition, there are fixed transportation costs for those who live in Virginia, as these apples are produced in Florida. For the sake of simplicity, let us assume that Virginia residents face a fixed transportation cost of five dollars, which is added to the price of both low- and high-quality apples. For Virginia residents the price of a low-quality apple becomes ten dollars, whereas a high-quality apple is now fifteen dollars. It is now cheaper for residents in Virginia to buy high-quality rather than low-quality apples.1 On the margin, one would tend to see individuals purchase higher rather than lower quality apples.

Figure 1


The example above demonstrates that, on the margin, it is cheaper for Virginia residents to purchase higher quality apples. The key is the fixed transportation cost and looking at relative prices. This theorem can generally be applied to any good; of course, one has to assume that individuals are acting on the margin and thus would expect more benefit (or satisfaction) purchasing the higher quality (or more potent) good.

 » Lees verder

Sweden Makes It Legal For Jihadist Migrants To Leave With The Intent Of Committing Terror Acts, Then Return


01-10-19 07:57:00,

Via The Organic Prepper blog,

We’ve all read about the escalating migrant violence in Sweden’s “no-go” zones and many have posited that the so-called “multicultural invasion” can all be chalked up to religious beliefs.

In the interview below, a “jihadi” confirms that this is the reason for much of the violent behavior. He himself wants “what is best for” Sweden, and he believes that what is best is “Allah’s rules,” even if they fly in the face of Swedish values.

“I believe that Allah’s rules should prevail over all other laws.”

But that’s not all. Watch the shocking video.

A source in Sweden confirms that this video is accurate but believes that the number of radicalized individuals is likely much higher than 300.

According to the video, Sweden recently changed its laws, making it legal for migrants to travel abroad with the intention of committing acts of terrorism. You read that correctly – legal. Then the migrants are allowed to return to Sweden.

Many countries are saying no to more migrants

Other countries in Europe are beginning to refuse entry to migrants from Islamic countries. In an article, Selco wrote of the difficulties in the Balkans where thousands of migrants are stranded.

There are numerous reports that an influx of migrants is overwhelming the already-fragile system in the Balkans. You may think this is not pertinent if you don’t live in Europe. But just like the collapse of Venezuela, the Balkan War, and the collapse of Greece, there are patterns of behavior to which attention should be paid.

Some have gone so far as to call it a humanitarian crisis, and others have said the number of migrants is increasing rapidly. Although the official number is around 4000 migrants, it’s estimated that the real number may be as many as 30-50,000. 

I asked Selco to share with us what he has witnessed.  Here’s what Selco has to say.

What do you think?

Allowing radicalized individuals to return to Sweden after they commit acts of terror elsewhere is going to backfire.

 » Lees verder

Media Spin Makes David Gareja Monastery a “Flashpoint for False Flag” | New Eastern Outlook


07-08-19 10:31:00,


Both history and borders are not constant. They are often in flux, especially if conflicts can serve some not so hidden agendas.

On 30th July, the self-described “independent” outlet OC media, which also happens to be funded by the Open Society Foundation, released an article stating that only Moscow benefits from rising Tbilisi-Baku tensions, referring to the recent flare up in David Gareja between Azerbaijan and Georgia.

The article begins with an alarmist tone, claiming that there is hateful rhetoric on both sides, and that only the Russian government can benefit from this. But first some background is required on the current disputed area around a 6th Century Monastery, which is on the border between the two countries and is known as the David Gareja Monastery in Georgia and Keşiş Dağ (Priest Mountain) or Keşikçidağ Dağ (Guardian Mountain) in Azerbaijan.

The rightful ownership of this monastery was rarely discussed either during or after the Soviet Union. Not until recently did it become a heated issue, taken advantage of by all sides. Even now it is only fringe nationalist groups and people looking to score political points who are discussing it, but the OC media article makes clear that this will not continue to be the case – foreign contenders have also entered the ring, with far more sinister proposals.

But what do these contenders have which will prove their unsubstantiated claims? No historic reference is given to the root of the problem, which lies in the former USSR , when this disputed territory was split between the Georgian and Azerbaijani SSRs, then ceded to Azerbaijan by Sergo Orjonikidze, who was later killed in Stalin’s purges, as a way of laying ticking time bombs.

Both Georgia and Azerbaijan have things to gain from this dispute. When the article states that ONLY Russia can benefit from it, this gives the impression that this article is shifting blame to another side to hide its own agenda. But it won’t remain hidden fort long, based on what we know.

Now is the future

The only thing the authors can cite in support of their rabid claims of rising tensions in the area is a mere two articles on the above-mentioned OC media site.

 » Lees verder

What Makes Iran Strong Enough to Stand Against a Superpower Like the USA? – Global Research


22-07-19 10:40:00,

During the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s the Islamic Republic of Iran deployed the slogan “Karbala, Karbala we are coming” (كربلا كربلا ما دارييم مياييم) to “defend the value of Islam”. In Syria the battle cry “Zeinab shall not be abducted twice” helped mobilise Shia allies and rally thousands of men to fight the Sunni Takfiri of al-Qaeda and the “Islamic State” (ISIS). Today, despite the existential battle between Iran and the US, the “Islamic Republic” no longer uses religious slogans, but is instead rallying support on a national basis. Even Iranians who disagree with the present regime are supporting their country in the face of the aggressive posture of the US. Iranian pragmatists were disappointed by the US’s unlawful revocation of the JCPOA nuclear deal. Severe sanctions are being imposed on the Iranian people because Trump ditched the deal to please Netanyahu and to spite his predecessor Obama. In the face of these sanctions, the Islamic Republic refuses to bow to US dictates. Unlike other Middle Eastern countries who willingly submit to Trump’s blackmail and bullying, Iran says “NO” to the superpower. Why? How can Iran do what Saudi Arabia and other regional powers could do but will not? 

Iran manufactures its own tanksmissiles,submarines and is a member of the global club of nuclear science capable countries.

Iran has strong allies in Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Palestine, Afghanistan and Yemen and can rely on them to take part in any war imposed on Tehran, even one imposed by the US.

Iran has democratically elected members of the parliament and a President who serves a four-year mandate and has the right for a single term renewal if he wins via the ballot, unlike Arab states who have presidents for life or inherited monarchies. Christians and Jews are recognised minorities in Iran; the Jews have a member of the Parliament, Siamak Moreh, and feel “safe and respected”. They number around 15,000 out of 85 million Iranians and have more than 25 synagogues.

Iran has faced US sanctions for over 40 years without bowing to US demands.

 » Lees verder

What Makes Gavin Run? Britain’s Defense Secretary and the Psychology of Military Incompetence


09-03-19 10:14:00,

What Makes Gavin Run? Britain’s Defense Secretary and the Psychology of Military Incompetence

United Kingdom or British Defense Secretary Gavin Williamson is popping up everywhere these days. He has gratuitously insulted Spain and more or less taunted it to take Gibraltar back from the UK after more than 300 years of occupation – An operation incidentally that the Spanish police could carry out in a couple of hours if they were so minded.

Williamson has needlessly insulted the leaders of France at European conferences, and his bearbaiting and insults towards Russia and ridiculous posturing of the UK’s miniscule military capabilities in Eastern Europe have provoked open derision in Moscow.

Now, as if all that was not enough Williamson is boasting about putting China in its place by sending Britain’s new aircraft carriers, the already obsolete behemoths Queen Elizabeth and Prince of Wales to East Asia to supposedly deter China in its own home waters of the South China Sea.

Who is this mighty, fearless titan who bestrides the world like a colossus – at least in his own imagination? Is he a seasoned formidable veteran of Britain’s fabled Special forces? Is he an experienced diplomat with decades of efforts to solve the thorny problems of the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa? Perhaps he is a brilliant scholar whose dazzling articles on strategy and deterrence have dazzled experts from the Munich Security Conference to the annual Shangri-La gathering in Singapore?

Nothing could be further from the truth. Williamson comes from a humble working class background in England and took an average run-of-the-mill degree in Social Sciences at the University of Bradford. His true passion was feverishly getting on in the world and the ladder he climbed to rise in the world was the numbing minutiae of provincial politics in the British Conservative Party.

Williamson finally hit the big time – so to speak – in 2015 when he supported dark horse candidate Theresa May against favorite Boris Johnson in the race to succeed David Cameron as Conservative Party leader and UK prime minister. In reward, she made him her Chief Whip in charge of the party’s parliamentary majority in Parliament.

Adept at flattery to a colorless, inept mediocrity of a prime minister who was widely regarded with strained tolerance, he rose rapidly in her esteem and shared in her catastrophic decision to call a general election which she almost lost.

 » Lees verder

The Press Makes the News – They No longer Report It – A Sign of the End of Political Times | Armstrong Economics


30-10-18 06:31:00,

QUESTION:  Mr. Armstrong –

On 08/23 you wrote a blog entry that seems to espouse two incongruous claims: (1) That the press has distorted & propagandized its news reporting so egregiously now that the American people give little credence to what it tells them (as evidenced by the Gallup polls results you showed), and (2) That the press is yet still managing to rope-along enough gullible emotional people that they are dividing the country and will be at fault if it breaks-up. How do you reconcile these two assertions ?: Isn’t it more likely that the press is simply helping to incite those who already left-tending “true believers” as well as the deep state which is the real entity brokering all this enmity against Trump (and the real player with enough clout to foment/incite division of the country in service of its own selfish power & privilege) ?


ANSWER: I do not believe that the press is capable of altering society insofar as changing the minds of the majority. If you look at the presidential elections, only three people EVER won 60%-63% of the popular vote – FDR, LBJ, and Richard Nixon. If you look at the winning votes, you will see that most are in the min 50% range. Less than 10% of the people are independent. The bulk of the people are predisposed Democrats or Republicans. Those who watch CNN do so because they WANT to hear negative things about Trump and those who listen to Fox want to listen to negative things about the Democrats.

The Gallup Poll shows that there is a growing majority of people who are NOT stupid and realize that the press has gone way too far on both sides preaching to their constituents. Hillary raised twice as much money as Trump for the 2016 election. That proved above everything else that you can run all the TV ads bashing your opponent but you are only really preaching to the mindless people who will vote for their party REGARDLESS of the facts.

The press is increasing the violence factor just as Hillary has justified civil unrest. The problem is you will witness an equal and opposite reaction from the extreme right in opposition to the extreme left.

 » Lees verder

Debt Makes Losers of Us All | Light On Conspiracies – Revealing the Agenda

Debt Makes Losers of Us All | Light On Conspiracies – Revealing the Agenda

23-01-18 09:41:00,

January 23rd, 2018

By Carolanne Wright

Contributing writer for Wake Up World

“With the nation’s household debt burden at $11.85 trillion, even the most modest challenges to its legitimacy have revolutionary implications.” ~ from the article, “Don’t Owe. Won’t Pay. Everything You’ve Been Told About Debt Is Wrong.”

After twenty years, I’ve finally paid-off my student loans. The original debt back in 1997 was a cool $22K. By the time I was able to get that particular debt-monkey off my back, the student loan tab was an astonishing $65K — almost triple the original loan. I try not to brood much about about the scam behind this form of lending, such as how you are unable to shop around for a better interest rate (once the loans are consolidated) or that you have zero consumer protection if you find yourself in dire financial straits. The compounded interest alone is enough to keep one awake at night.

We’re creating viewer supported news. Become a member! Click Here!

Unfortunately, I — like many others — have fallen prey to predatory student loan practices at an age when we are completely unaware of the real consequences of this “contract with the devil.” As I’ve grown older, I have (painfully) learned the truth about debt. It’s why I haven’t used a credit card in over thirteen years and refuse to go into debt for any reason moving forward.

I’m lucky as I’ve been able to manage. However, many are not. With the stalling of wage increases, paired with the sky-rocketing cost of living, it’s becoming progressively difficult to simply subsist without having some sort of debt. But when we factor in staggering income inequality that continues to grow, along with shady bank practices, many are questioning the financial system overall and creating new ways to avoid becoming entrapped by it.

A Modern Slavery

“Is debt legitimate when it is systemically foisted on the vast majority of people and nations? If it isn’t, then resistance to illegitimate debt has profound political consequences,” asks Charles Eisenstein, author of Sacred Economics and The More Beautiful World Our Hearts Know is Possible.

 » Lees verder