Tens of Thousands of 5G Telecommunications Satellites. Escalating Tensions in a Contested and Congested Space Environment – Global Research

tens-of-thousands-of-5g-telecommunications-satellites.-escalating-tensions-in-a-contested-and-congested-space-environment-–-global-research

10-06-19 06:48:00,

The Outer Space Treaty of 1967 enshrined the principle of outer space being preserved as a common heritage of humankind,1 yet “lacks any provisions that would regulate the methods of the settlement of eventual disputes, which usually appear in law-making treaties, such as the 1959 Antarctic Treaty”.2 Outer space is now an “increasingly congested and contested environment”.3  Delegates at the UN’s First Committee dealing with disarmament and international security determined that “prompt action [is] needed to address the safety and security of the Earth’s orbit, given growing numbers of satellites, the development of sophisticated defence systems and the ever-increasing amount of orbital congestion, which currently [includes] more than 500,000 pieces of debris”.4 “[R]adio frequencies and any associated orbits…are limited natural resources thatmust be used rationally, efficiently and economically … so that countries … may have equitable access to those orbits and frequencies.”5

“[A]s more countries integrate space into their national military capabilities and rely onspace-based information for national security, there is an increased chance that any interference with satellites could spark or escalate tensions and conflict in space or on Earth. This is made all the more difficult by the challenge of determining the exact cause of a satellite malfunction: whether it was due to a space weather event, impact by space debris, unintentional interference, or deliberate aggression.”6

“Some states are developing or have developed a range of [anti-satellite] ASAT capabilities,including ground- and space-based weapons, that could be used to deceive, disrupt, deny, degrade, or destroy elements of space systems. Developing and testing ASAT capabilities would likely undermine political and strategic stability, especially without clarity of intent. Further, testing or using debris-generating weapons could contaminate the orbital environment for decades to centuries, significantly affecting all space actors and severely undermining the long-term sustainability of space.”6

“[T]he weaponization of outer space for any purpose—whether offensive or defensive,against any space/celestial body or against an Earth-bound target—would effectively turn space objects into potential targets and turn outer space into a potential conflict zone.”7

Yet despite the risk of “mishaps, misperceptions and miscalculations”,8 there exists no “legally binding instrument dealing with … the prevention of an arms race in outer space”.8 Nor are there “legally binding rules to refrain from creating space debris”,7 yet such debris can collide,

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Thousands of Israelis protest immunity bill that would shield Netanyahu from indictment (PHOTOS)

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26-05-19 09:33:00,

Protesters took to the streets of Tel Aviv, rallying against the recently tabled immunity bill that would shield Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu from mounting corruption investigations.

The ‘Defensive Shield for Democracy’ demonstration showed rare unity among nearly all parties in the Israeli opposition. The number of protesters remains unclear, with footage from the scene showing considerable crowds. Organizers say at least 80,000 people took part.

Protesters carried placards criticizing Netanyahu and his alleged corruption, sporting the PM’s ‘Crime Minister’ moniker in various forms. Many showed up wearing Ottoman-style fez headwear and even brought portraits of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, alluding to Netanyahu creating what they called an “Erdogan-style dictatorship.”

“The fez symbolizes the regime type that we are opposing, where everything is controlled by one person and people are afraid to express their opinions. That’s where we’re headed,” one protester told Haaretz. 

Netanyahu has been in office for a decade, and secured his fifth term in April amid three ongoing investigations into his alleged corruption, bribery and fraud. The PM denies the charges, insisting they are politically-motivated. He also said he has no plans to step down even if charged.

While the probes have apparently done nothing to dull Netanyahu’s drive for power, members of his Likud party tabled a bill that would grant government officials legal immunity by default. If the proposed legislation is adopted, it will not be possible to charge elected officials with a criminal offense unless the 120-member Knesset and the Knesset House Committee decide to waive immunity.

Also on rt.com
Immunity bill submitted to Knesset with Netanyahu indictment pending

The bill effectively reverses the system already in place in Israel – currently, the Knesset and the House Committee have the power to grant official immunity from prosecution.

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Busted: Thousands Of Amazon Employees Listening To Alexa Conversations

busted:-thousands-of-amazon-employees-listening-to-alexa-conversations

22-05-19 09:00:00,

Amazon employs thousands of people to listen in on what people around the world are saying to their Alexa digital assistant, according to what is sure to be a Congressional hearing-inspiring report by Bloomberg, which cites seven people who have worked on the program. 

While their job is to “help improve” NSAlexa – which powers the company’s line of Echo speakers – the team “listens to voice recordings captured in Echo owners’ homes and offices,” which are then transcribed, annotated and fed back into the software in order to try and improve Alexa’s understanding of human speech for more successful interactions. In other words, humans are effectively helping to train Amazon’s algorithm. 

In marketing materials Amazon says Alexa “lives in the cloud and is always getting smarter.” But like many software tools built to learn from experience, humans are doing some of the teaching. -Bloomberg

The listening team is comprised of part-time contractors and full-time Amazon employees based all over the world; including India, Romania, Boston and Costa Rica. 

Listeners work nine hour shifts, with each reviewing as many as 1,000 audio clips per shift according to two employees from Amazon’s Bucharest office – located in the top three floors of the Romanian capital’s Globalworth building. The location “stands out amid the crumbling infrastructure” of the Pipera district and “bears no exterior sign advertising Amazon’s presence.” 

While much of the work is boring (one worker said his job was to mine for accumulated voice data for specific phrases such as “Taylor Swift” – letting the system know that the searcher was looking for the artist), reviewers are also listening on people’s most personal moments. 

Occasionally the listeners pick up things Echo owners likely would rather stay private: a woman singing badly off key in the shower, say, or a child screaming for help. The teams use internal chat rooms to share files when they need help parsing a muddled word—or come across an amusing recording. -Bloomberg

Occasionally Amazon listeners come across upsetting or possibly criminal recordings – such as two workers who say they listened in on what sounded like a sexual assault. 

According to the report,

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Thousands rally in Moscow for freedom of the internet, but RT not let in to the party

thousands-rally-in-moscow-for-freedom-of-the-internet-but-rt-not-let-in-to-the-party

11-03-19 09:19:00,

A large protest took place in Moscow on Sunday against a bill that has stoked fears of the looming isolation of Russia’s internet. Their cause, freedom of speech, was sullied as organizers blocked all media they “didn’t support.”

The Sunday protest, in central Sakharov Avenue, had been called-for over fears that a draft law regulating autonomous operations of the Russian segment of the internet, which recently passed a first reading in the parliament, will put the World Wide Web under strict state control.

“Russia isn’t Iran or North Korea. We are part of the civilized world,” the Libertarian Party said in a statement in the run up to the rally, which the unregistered party organized. It accused authorities of “doing everything to keep Russia lagging behind the West” and warned that “the web of censorship keeps entwining our lives more and more.”

The authors of the proposed law insist that it’s not about introducing any restrictions; on the contrary, it ensures that Russians will still be able to access the internet, even if the country were disconnected from the Web as part of a Western sanctions policy.

Around 6,500 people took part in the action, greenlighted by the city authorities, according to police estimates. The opposition group the White Counter has, meanwhile, claimed that more than 15,000 were in attendance.

While the rally went off without incident, a notable and odd detail about it was the “face-control” imposed by the libertarian organizers in the media zone. RT, news agency Life and the Izvestia daily were among the outlets excluded from the event.

“People gathered to defend freedom of the internet in Russia, but, ironically, RT wasn’t allowed into this meeting, as organizers told us that we belong to the media that they don’t support,” RT’s Madina Kochenova reported from the scene. Meanwhile, the party’s press-secretary cited their belief in “private discrimination” as the grounds, apparently likening the thousands-strong rally to a private event.

Unfortunately, the liberties-savvy group didn’t do their homework on media affiliations, as the New York-based channel RTVi was also denied access, after being confused with RTTV.

All the journalists banned from the media zone were graciously offered a chance to provide a copy of their resignation from the blacklisted channels,

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Thousands of Scientists Sign Pledge Against Developing Lethal Artificial Intelligence | Global Research – Centre for Research on Globalization

Thousands of Scientists Sign Pledge Against Developing Lethal Artificial Intelligence | Global Research – Centre for Research on Globalization

22-07-18 04:47:00,

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Thousands of leading scientists have urged their colleagues against helping governments create killer robots, making the movie The Terminator a reality.

2,400 scientists have pledged to block the development of lethal weaponry using Artificial Intelligence, The Guardian reported.

In other words, killer robots, that could eventually develop a mind of their own and take over the world. Scientists have vowed they will not support robots “that can identify and attack people without human oversight.”

Two leading experts backing the commitment, Demis Hassabis at Google DeepMind and Elon Musk at SpaceX, are among the more than 2,400 signatories whom have pledged to deter military firms and nations from building lethal autonomous weapon systems, referred to as Laws.

The move is the latest from concerned scientists and organizations about giving a machine the power to choose someone’s fate of life or death.

The pledge organized by The Future of Life Institute, calls on governments to agree on norms, laws, and regulations that stigmatize and effectively outlaw the development of killer robots.

The signatories of the pledge have stated they will “neither participate in nor support the development, manufacture, trade, or use of lethal autonomous weapons.” More than 150 AI-related firms and organizations added their names to the pledge that was announced at the International Joint Conference on AI in Stockholm.

Robots are beginning to take over every aspect of society.  They are also headed for retail businesses delivering freight and eliminating truckers.

But, can we really give robots the choice whether to kill or let a human being live?

In fact, it sounds quite dangerous allowing a freight truck to drive itself; if the sensors break down on a big rig truck going  60-70 MPH, that’s potentially 40 tons barreling down the highway unattended except by artificial intelligence.

As another example, imagine A.I. having to choose who to let live in a freak accident?

This may be why, as Activist Post reported back in March, Uber had to halt nationwide testing of its A.I. vehicles following the death of a pedestrian in Arizona.

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How Can There be Thousands of Cryptocurrencies? | Armstrong Economics

How Can There be Thousands of Cryptocurrencies? | Armstrong Economics

08-06-18 07:33:00,

QUESTION: Mr. Armstrong; There are these people so desperate to argue that cryptocurrency will change the world, I have heard the same pitch behind gold and I suspect most are just goldbugs who gave up and moved to cryptocurrencies. The same arguments of fiat and central banks are at the base of this as well. Do you think that cryptocurrency can somehow emerge as a solution after the Crash and Burn? How can there be thousands of these cryptos? If the dream they pitch is even plausible, then does there not have to be just one cryptocurrency?

Thank you

Hank

ANSWER: We have to ask what is at the core of this trend. In essence, it is the very same trend that put Trump in office. The entire 2007-2009 global financial crisis and bank bailout created an entirely new “skepticism” of government in most countries. This is where the digital assets have come into play. Are they capable of altering or influencing traditional global monetary policy? The answer: absolutely no possible way. To accomplish that we MUST end socialism. I doubt these people really understand the full scope of structural changes that would need to be made to move to any cryptocurrency. Adam Smith’s Invisible Hand rules the question. Until it is in the self-interest of those in power to hand back the scepter of power itself, there is just no way to accomplish such a monumental change without the house burning down FIRST. The other possibility is that governments just usurp the crypto world like they confiscated gold and then control it for taxes. They do want to eliminate all paper currency to collect 100% taxes they believe are avoided. They also pitch it would end crime as we know it. The black market would then no doubt emerge as barter once again. To think that cryptocurrency can defeat central banks and governments is really far-fetched.

The political changes are monumental. Politicians can no longer run for office promising benefits by robbing the rich and handing it to the poor. In order for crypto assets to replace money, it would require a profound change in politics. It is not simply central bank money. The entire pitch of cryptocurrency is that it will take the creation of money away from central banks and thus government.

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